# Virtual Centre for Industrial & Process Tomography

Industrial & Process Tomography

## Tomography Prize

The Maurice Beck Prize for "best paper" went to "A Limited-Angle CT Approach for a Fast Scanned Electron-Beam X-Ray Tomography with Application to Multi-Phase Flow Measurements", M Speck, U Hampel, D Koch, H-G Mayer, H-J Menz, H-M Prasser and E Schleicher, Forschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V., Germany.

We were so impressed with the paper we invited Uwe Hampel to speak at our Annual Meeting in Hudderfield in April 2006.

## 4th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography

The Fourth World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography was held at OnYado Toho, Aizu, Japan, September 2nd to 5th 2005.

The congress attracted 183 participants from 21 countries. Eight categories of parallel sessions and two poster sessions were held. A total of 174 papers were presented, including 3 invited lectures and 40 posters. In the plenary lectures, Professor Xi-Cheng Zhang presented "Terahertz Wave Imaging Technology", Professor Lynn Gladden explained the "Latest Development in Dynamic MRI of Multi-Phase Systems", and Professor Hideaki Koizumi discussed "Optical Topography for Higher-order Brain-function Imaging and its Practical Applications".

### Congress Pictures

## Programme

### Plenary Lectures

**Terahertz Wave Imaging Technology**

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, A. Redo, X. Li, S.H. Wang, B. Ferguson, X.-C. Zhang

**Latest Developments in Dynamic MRI of Multi-Phase Systems**

A J Sederman, L D Anadon, M S El-Bachir, M H M Lim, M D Mantle, M C Sains, L F Gladden

**Optical Topography for Higher-Order Brain-Function Imaging and its Practical Applications**

H Koizumi, H Sato, Y Yamamoto, Y Hirabayashi, M Kiguchi, T Yamamoto, A Maki, H Kawaguchi

### Tomographic Sensor Design

**Keynote: Design and Performance of a High-Resolution Gamma Tomography Device**

A Bieberle, U Hampel, D Hoppe, J Kronenberg, H M Prasser, E Schleicher, T Sühnel,C Zippe

**A High-speed Digital Lock-in System for Optical Measurement of Minor Species Concentrations**

C A Garcia-Stewart , H McCann

**A Multi-frequency Impedance Analyser for Electrical Tomography Systems**

W Yin, S J Dickinson, A J Peyton

**A Novel Approach for Spatially Resolving Capacitive Sensors**

H Zangl, A Fuchs, T Bretterklieber, B. Brandstätter,

**Ultrasound Imaging using Coded Excitation**

S Freear, D M J Cowell, F J W Podd

**Numerical Analysis of 3 Dimensional Space Effect with Electrical Capacitance Tomography Sensor**

C Mou, L Peng, D Yao, B Zhang, D Xiao

**First Experimental Results of Multiphase Hydrocarbon Flow Monitoring using Dual Modality Gamma-Ray Tomography and High Frequency Magnetic Field Sensors**

B T Hjertaker, G A Johansen, E Cimpan, R Maad, E A Hammer

**Remote Sensing of Oil Spill using a Helicopter-based Fluorescence Imaging LIDAR**

M Sasano, K Hitomi, H Yamanouchi, N Taguchi, S Yamagishi

**A Cost Effective Sensor Design for Granular Flow Visualization**

A Fuchs, P Wypych, D Hastie, I Frew, D Cook, B. Brandstätter

**Application of Electrical Capacitance Tomography on Gas-Solid Two-Phase Flows in Fluidized Bed**

F Jiang, S Liu, Haigang Wang, W Yang

**Application of the Capacity-To-Frequency Converter in the Capacitance Tomograph**

M R Rząsa

**Electrical Capacitance Volume-Tomography (ECVT): Sensor Design and Image Reconstruction**

W Warsito, Q Marashdeh, L S Fan

**Realization of Linear Back-Projection Algorithm for Capacitance Tomography using FPGA**

B Almashary, S M Qasim, S Alshebeili, W A Al-Masry

**The Design of a Flexible Multi-layer ERT System and an Evaluation of its Performance**

E W Randall, A J Wilkinson, T M Long, A Collins

**An Accessible Electrical Impedance Imaging System**

T York, S Murphy, A Burnett-Thompson, B Grieve

**Simulation of Signals from Electrodynamic Sensor Measuring Dense Suspension of Particles**

M Machida

**Over Zero Switching Scheme for Fast Data Collection Operation in Electrical Impedance Tomography**

M Wang, Y Ma

**Surface Temperature Monitoring for the Cylindrical Melting Polymer Surface by Interferometric Computed Tomography**

T Kawaguchi, I Satoh, T Saito

**Investigation of Electrical Resistance Tomography on Single Drive Electrode Method**

J-W Liu, F Dong, W-L Zhao, X-Q Jia

**An Influence-Charge Based Sensor for Flow Regime Determination in Pipelines**

A Fuchs , H Zangl, B. Brandstätter

**Multi-Processor Hierarchical System with Field-Programmable Logic for Multi-Channel Tomography**

S Garcia, K Ozanyan

**Design, Simulation and Test of Highly-Sensitive Capacitive Proximity Sensors**

J Frounchi, F Dehkhoda

**Design of the ERT System Based on the Pipeline Data Acquisition Method**

Chao Wang, Xiangyu Wang, Huaxiang Wang

**High-pressure Gas-oil Two-Phase Pipe Flow Imaging using Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

J C Gamio, J Castro, L Rivera, J Alamilla, F Garcia-Nocetti, L Aguilar

**Miniature Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

T A York, T N Phua, L Reichelt, A Pawlowski, R Kneer

**First Optical Attenuation Measurements across the Cylinder of a Production IC Engine**

P Wright, K Ozanyan, S Murray, T Litt, S Pegrum, S Colbourne, H McCann

**Determination of Distribution of Electric Conductivity in Liquids**

Z Szczepanik, Z Rucki, A Plaskowski

**Parallel Array Sensors for Process Visualisation**

H I Schlaberg, M Wang, C Qiu, V Shirhatti

**X-ray Microtomography Facilitated Evaluation and Simulation of Filter Performance**

X Jia, D Golchert, R A Williams

### Industrial Application and Innovation

**Keynote: Digital Engineering with 3-D Bitmap-Based CAD “StereoCooker” Making the Best Use of X-ray CT**

S Numata, T Yashiki, Y Nagumo, N Sadaoka, T Takagi

**Development of a Fast Electromagnetic Induction Tomography System for Metal Process Applications**

X Ma, S R Higson, A Lyons, A J Peyton

**Estimation of Permeability Distribution in Rock Mass from Acoustic Wave Tomography Using Frequency-Velocity Dispersion Relationship**

S-i Uehara, Y Ohnishi, S Nishiyama, T Yano, K-i Ando, K Yoshimura

**X-Ray Imaging of Knots in Trees**

M Campbell, J Sun, R C McLean, G H Galbraith

**Determining Location of Moisture Area of the Wall by 3D Electrical Impedance Tomography**

P Berowski, S F Filipowicz, J Sikora, S Wójtowicz

**Study of Gas-Liquid Distribution in a Pilot Scale Monolith Reactor via Industrial Tomography Scanner (ITS)**

A Kemoun, S Roy, M H Al-Dahhan, A R Cartolano, R Dobson, J Williams

**µCT Characterisation of Ultra Light Aluminium Foams**

A C Spowage, A P Shacklock, A A Malcolm, L M Sim, T Liu, A R Kennedy

**Imaging Large Vessels Using Cosmic-ray Muon Energy-Loss Techniques**

P M Jenneson , W B Gilboy, S J R Simons, S J Stanley, D Rhodes

**The Potential of the Acoustical Travel Time Tomography**

P Holstein, A Raabe, M Barth, M Seliger, A Thess

**The Industrial Application of EIDORS-3D within Fine Chemicals Processing and Formulations Technology**

B D Grieve, W R B Lionheart, T A York

**Analysis of Internal Voids in Lead-Free Solder using a Microfocus X-ray CT System**

A Hirakimoto, T Shiota, T Kishi, S Ohnishi, M Kamegawa

**International Standards for Industrial Process Tomography Components and Systems**

B S Hoyle, R N Clarke

**Development of an Electrical Tomographic System for Operation in a Remote, Acidic and Radioactive Environment**

G T Bolton, M Bennett, M Wang, C Qiu, M Wright, K M Primrose, S J Stanley, D Rhodes

**A Pipe Test Facility to Examine Laminar Shear Settling using Electrical Resistance Tomography**

A P N Sutherland, P T Slatter, A J Wilkinson, E W Randall, T M Long

**Study on Void Distribution of a Rod Bundle with a Non-uniform Rod Gap**

M Akiba, S Morooka, K Shirakawa

**Electrical Impedance Tomography Applied to Large-Scale Production Filtration using a Planar Sensor Architecture**

J L Davidson, B D Grieve, L S Ruffino, W R B Lionheart, K Primrose, R Mann, T A York

**Application of X-Ray Tomography for Scanning Full-Diameter Semiconsolidated Geological Core**

V I Bidzhakov, E A Zhukovskaya, A Y Burlev, O V Burleva, K S Seleznev, E I Palchikov

**Application of High-energy X-ray Computer Tomography Technique for Checking Irradiated Nuclear Fuel**

K Katsuyama, T Nagamine, S-i Matsumoto

**A Planar EMT System for the Detection of Faults on Thin Metallic Plates**

W Yin, A J Peyton

**A High-Speed Non-Contact Check Weigher**

M Byars, J Pendleton

**The Use of ERT Eigenvalue Correlation to Measure the Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Pipe**

F Dong, L Hua, Y Xu, S Hua

**A Novel ERT System for Multiphase Flow Measurement**

Y Xu, F Dong, S Hua, C Tan

**Visualisation of Barite-Sagging Process using Tomography**

I Ismail, S F A Bukhari, W Q Yang

**High Speed Processing of 3-dimensional CT Data using Windows-based PC Cluster**

Y Nagumo, N Sadaoka, T Takagi

**Processing of EM Logging Borehole Data using High-Capacity Numerical Algorithms and Advanced Computer Techniques**

A V Avdeev, N I Gorbenko, M M Lavrentiev, M I Epov, I N Yeltsov

**Calibrating an Electrical Capacitance Tomography System using Sensor Permittivity Modelling**

M Byars, T Dyakowski, K T Lee, J Pendleton, R S Raghavan

**Hitachi X-ray Computed Tomography Systems for Digital Engineering**

J Nukaga, S Kitazawa, H Kamimura

**Rod Displacement Effect on Thermal-Hydraulic Behaviour in Tight-Lattice Bundle based on X-ray CT Measurement**

T Mitsutake, K Katsuyama, T Misawa, T Nagamine, M Kureta, S Matsumoto, H Akimoto

**On the Quantity Measurement of Oil Remaining inside a Sunken Ship using the Ultrasonic Pulse-echo**

N Niida, M Shimada, K Hoshino, S Hara, M Takei

### Flow Imaging

**Keynote: 3-D Visualisation of a Swirling Flow Using Electrical Resistance Tomography**

Y Dai, M Wang, N Panayotopoulos, G Lucas, R A Williams

**Solids Motion in a Gas-Solid Two-Phase Mixture Flowing through a Packed Bed**

Y Ding, Z Wang, D Wen, M Ghadiri

**Estimating Transverse Velocity Components of Slug Flow Using Pixel By Pixel Correlation Method via ECT**

U Datta, S Mylvaganam, T Dyakowski

**Effects of Sparger Geometry on the Mechanism of Flow Pattern Transition in a Bubble Column**

V Murugaian, H I Schlaberg, M Wang

**Mapping the Three Dimensional Water Dynamics in Heterogeneous Sands Using Thermal Neutrons**

A Kaestner, P Vontobel, R Hassanein, P Lehmann, J Schaap, E Lehmann, G Frei, H Laeser, H Fluehler

**Comparison of Bubble Velocity Components in a Swirling Gas-Liquid Pipe Flow Using Dual-Plane EIT and a Novel 4-Sensor Local Probe**

G P Lucas, M Wang, R Mishra

**Impedance Imaging of the Particle Concentration Distribution in Suspensions**

M C Kim, Y J Ko, S Kim, K Y Kim

**Electrical Capacitance Tomography Measurements on Inclined Conveying Pipes**

Y Zhang, J Yao, C-H Wang

**Phase Boundary Estimation in Electrical Resistance Tomography with Weighted Multi-Layer Neural Networks and Front Point Approach**

J H Kim, B C Kang, B Y Choi, S H Lee, M C Kim, B S Kim, K Y Kim, S Kim

**Identification of Flow Regimes of Electrically Contrasting Two Phase Mixtures — a Dynamic Mesh Approach**

T M Shi, R A Williams

**Ultrasonic Tomography for Airflow Velocity Profile Measurement Using Multipath Transducers**

D Kurniadi, A Trisnobudi, D Irmawan, S Suyanto

**CT-Based Visualization of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Helically Coiled Tubes**

H Oiwa, Y Murai, T Sasaki, S Yoshikawa, F Yamamoto

**MRI Measurement of Granular Motion in Rotating Drum**

T Kawaguchi, K Tsutsumi, Y Tsuji

**High-Speed Flow Imaging using γ-Ray Computed Tomography**

P R P Bruneau, R F Mudde, T H J J van der Hagen

**Flow Distribution Characteristics of a Gas-Liquid Monolith Reactor Using Computed Tomography**

S Roy, M Al-Dahhan

**Neutron CT for Two-phase Flow Measurement**

N Takenaka, H Asano

**Gamma Tomography with Application to Two-Phase Flow Imaging in Hydrodynamic Machines**

U Hampel, D Baldauf, M Christen, K-H Diele, J Fietz, H Höller, D Hoppe, R Kernchen, H-M Prasser, G Will, C Zippe, J Zschau

**Analysis of Fluid/Elastic-Structure Interactions in an Impinged Jet with 3D-PTV and Non-contact 6D Motion Tracking System**

T G Hwang, J H Choi, C S Park, D H Doh, T Saga, T Kobayashi, K Tanaka, M Takei

**Application of CT-processing to Neutron Radiography Image of Fluidized-bed**

H Umekawa, S Furui, M Ozawa, N Takenaka

**Visualisation of Dispersion, Dissolution and Settling of Powders in a Stirred Mixing Vessel by Electrical Resistance Tomography**

V S Shirhatti, M Wang, R A. Williams

**Laser Interferometric CT Measurement of Unsteady Supersonic Shock-Vortex Flow Field Discharged from Open Ends**

T Koga, M Ota, K Toyoda, K Maeno

**A Study of Electromagnetic Model and Image Reconstruction Algorithm Based on the EIT System**

Cao Zhang, Wang Huaxiang

**3D Flow Reconstruction and Visualization by Use of Ultrasound Tomography**

J Nowakowski

### Nuclear Engineering

**Nondestructive Estimation of High-Temperature Fatigue of Type 304 Stainless Steel by Visualizing Magnetic Flux Density**

S Takaya, Y Nagae

**Detection of Metallurgical Microstructure Changes at Elevated Temperature of Austenitic Stainless Steels by Magnetization**

Y Nagae, S Takaya

**Analysis of Impinging Butane Flame Using Digital Speckle Tomography**

Seong Soo Ahn, Yong-Jae Kim, Han Seo Ko

**Development of New Type Flow-metering System by Visualizing Flow-Profile using Ultrasonic-Doppler Profile-Velocimetry**

M Mori, K Tezuka, M Aritomi, H Kikura, Y Takeda

**In-Situ Observation of Hybrid Laser Weld using X-ray Color Image Intensifier**

K Shiihara, Y Makino, K Nittoh, K Nakayama, K Minami

**Development of BWR Fuel and Components Using X-ray CT for Two-Phase Flow**

T Narabayashi, S Morooka, M Akiba

### Data reconstruction and fusion

**Keynote: Real Time Three-dimensional Electrical Impedance Tomography Applied in Multiphase Flow Imaging**

L M Heikkinen, J Kourunen, J Rastas, T Savolainen, P J Vauhkonen, J P Kaipio, M Vauhkonen

**Towards 3D Capacitance Tomography**

Ł Mazurkiewicz, R Banasiak, R Wajman, T Dyakowski, D Sankowski

**A Parametric Reconstruction Technique for Planar Electromagnetic Inductance Tomography**

Y Bissessur, A J Peyton

**Nonlinear Image Reconstruction of Electrical Capacitance Tomography (ECT) based on a Validated Forward Model**

M Soleimani, W R B Lionheart, M Byars, J Pendleton

**Fusion of Electrical Capacitance with Ultrasound Tomography — Analysis of Methods**

B Brandstätter, G Steiner, B Kortschak, D Watzenig, H Wegleiter

**MCMC Algorithm Acceleration using a Hybrid Linearised/non-linear forward Problem Strategy Applied to the Bayesian Analysis of 3D ERT Data**

R M West, M Soleimani, R G Aykroyd, W R B Lionheart

**Initial Experimental Results from an Electromagnetic Induction Tomography System with Low Conductivity Materials**

C Ktistis, R O Mackin, H S Tapp, A J Peyton

**An Improved Landweber Iteration for Electrical Capacitance Tomography Image Reconstruction**

Lugeng, L Peng, B Zhang, Y Liao

**Numerical Calculation of Forward Problem for 3D Capacitance Tomography**

R Wajman, Ł Mazurkiewicz, R Banasiak, D Sankowski

**Magnetic Field Tomography on Two Electrically Conducting Fluids**

S Men, C Resagk, M Ziolkowski, M Kuilekov, H Brauer

**Ultrasonic Imaging Using a Ternary ZCZ Sequence Set**

T Hayashi, S Kanemoto, S Tsunoyama

**3D Vector Tomography Reconstruction by the Series Expansion Method**

A L Balandin, Y Ono

**Comparison of ML-EM Algorithm and ART for Reconstruction of Gas Hold-up Profile in a Bubble Column**

A K Patel, U Kumar, B N Thorat, G Singh

**Time-Resolved Fluorescence Diffuse Optical Tomography Utilizing Generalized Pulse-Spectrum Technique**

A Marjono, F Gao, Y Yamada

**Inference of Velocity Fields with Tomographic Measurements**

J P Kaipio, A Seppänen, E Somersalo

**Fusion of Electrical Capacitance with Ultrasound Tomography — Implementation Details and Hardware Setup**

B Brandstätter, G Steiner, B Kortschak, H Wegleiter, D Watzenig

**A Boundary Element Approach for Real-Time Monitoring and Control from Electrical Resistance Tomographic Data**

R G Aykroyd, B A Cattle, R M West

**Comparison of 3D Image Reconstruction Techniques using Real Electrical Impedance Measurement Data**

D R Stephenson, J L Davidson, W R B Lionheart, B D Grieve, T A York

**Nonlinear Image Reconstruction with EM Algorithm in Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

W Smolik, D Radomski, J Mirkowski, T Olszewski, R Szabatin, P Brzeski

**Scanning General Ray Method for Electric Tomography Image Reconstruction**

A Grebennikov

**Multi-modal Data fusion for Enhanced Imaging Applied to 3D ERT with Ultrasound Time of Flight Data**

M Soleimani, R G Aykroyd, S Freear, W R B Lionheart, F Podd

**A Dual Modality Tomography System for Imaging Gas/Solids Flows**

T Dyakowski, G A Johansen, B T Hjertaker, D Sankowski, V Mosorov, J Wlodarczyk

**Noise Stability of Virtual Beam (X-ray) Projections**

O E Trofimov, S N Kasjanova, E V Shaposhnikova, Y A Stukalin, A S Zagoruyko

**A Limited-Angle CT Approach for a Fast Scanned Electron-Beam X-Ray Tomography with Application to Multi-Phase Flow Measurements**

M Speck, U Hampel, D Koch, H-G Mayer, H-J Menz, H-M Prasser, E Schleicher

**Considerations on Iterative Algorithms for Fan-beam Tomography Scheme**

V V Pickalov, D I Kazantzev, N B Ayupova, V P Golubyatnikov

**Application of Direct Fourier Reconstruction for Limited-View Tomography**

R S Vaidyanathan, W H-D Tan, K B Ozanyan

**Full Shape Reconstruction from Partial ERT Monotonicity Information using a Bayes-MCMC Approach**

R G Aykroyd, M Soleimani, W R B Lionheart

**Parameters Optimization for Model Based Image Reconstruction in Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

J Mirkowski, W Smolik, T Olszewski, D Radomski, R Szabatin, P Brzeski

**An Iterative Image Reconstruction Algorithm with Improved Convergence**

Z Zhang, X Xiong, W Q Yang

**Comparative Study of Methods for the Solution to the Inverse Problem in EIT**

M Stasiak, P Berowski, S Wojtowicz, J Sikora, S F Filipowicz

**Imaging the Permeability Distribution of a Layered Conductor using Inductance Spectroscopy**

W Yin, S J Dickinson, A J Peyton

**Application of GVSPM Reconstruction Technique to Capacitance CT**

M Takei, M Ochi, K Horii

**Simulation Research on Forward Problem of Electrical Capacitance Tomography Based on Element-Free Method**

L-feng Zhang, Hua-xiang Wang, Pei Tian

**A Forward Solver for Three-Dimensional Electrical Impedance Tomography in Conducting Vessels Using a Commercial Finite Element Modelling Package**

S Mohanna, T A York

### Chemical Reactor Engineering

**Keynote: Feed Forward Neural Network Solution for Non-linear Forward Problem in ECT**

Q Marashdeh, W Warsito, L S Fan

**Identification of Hydrodynamic Flow Regime in Bubble Columns via Computed Tomography**

A Shaikh, M H Al-Dahhan

**3d Imaging of Reactive Distillation Packings with a New High Energy X-ray Tomograph**

D Toye, J B Abdullah, M Crine, P Marchot

**Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) Imaging of Single Feed Semi-batch Precipitation Reactions**

S J Stanley, GT Bolton

**Comparison of the Behaviour of Glass-beads and Polyethylene Fluidized Beds through Flow Visualization with X-ray Tomography**

Z He, A Kantzas

**Solid Concentration Profile Measurements in a Downer Unit Using X-ray Computed Tomography**

W Song, H Niu, H Xu, F Meng, Z Cao, J Li

**Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging of an Operating Gas-Liquid-Solid Catalytic Fixed Bed Reactor**

I V Koptyug, A A Lysova, R Z Sagdeev, V N Parmon

**Tomographic Visualisation of Semi-batch Precipitation with Multi-zone Mixing Model Validation**

M Kagoshima, R Mann

**Analysis of the Structure of Catalyst Layers around Bubbles in a Fluidized Catalyst Bed**

T Kai, M Misawa, T Takahashi, I Tiseanu, N Ichikawa

**Quality Control of Particles Produced in a Suspension Polymer Reactor using Electrical Resistance Tomography Measurements**

M Kaminoyama, K Nishi, R Misumi, S Taguchi

**Aspects of Liquor Flow in a Model Chip Digester Measured using Electrical Resistance Tomography**

F Ruzinsky, C P J Bennington

**Quantitative Measurement of Gas Distribution in a Stirred Chemical Reactor with Cone-Beam X-ray Computed Tomography**

S Boden, U Hampel, M Speck

**Wavelet Analysis of Voidage Fluctuation in Circulating Fluidised Beds using Tomography**

H Wang, S Liu, F Jiang, W Q Yang

**Developments in PEPT for Process Applications**

D J Parker, A Sadrmomtaz, X Fan, A Ingram

**Analysis of the Rise Velocity of Bubble Swarm and Sauter Mean Bubble Size in Bubble Columns Using Electrical Resistance Tomography**

H Jin, M Wang, R A Williams

**Experimental Study of Temperature and Concentration Field in Solidifying Saline Water**

K Błogowska, A Plaskowski, A Romanowski

**Void Fraction Measurement of Liquid Solid Fluidized Bed in Ocean Lithium Absorption System using Impedance Method**

K Hoshino, M Takei

### Process Modelling and Control

**Keynote: Endoscopic Confocal Micro-imaging and Optical Coherent Tomographic Imaging Systems**

M Kaneko

**Visualising Oil Separator Vessel and Decision-Making for Control**

S F A Bukhari, I Ismail, W Q Yang

**Design Considerations for an Active Neutrally Buoyant Flow Follower for Monitoring Mixing**

A Burnett-Thompson,T York, R Mann

**Mapping of Residual Oil Saturation in Porous Medium by Means of Narrow-Angle Linear Tomography**

E I Palchikov, Y A Schemelinin, A G Skripkin, D Y Mekhontsev, I R Mukminov

**The Effect of Linearizing the EIT Observation Model in Concentration Control Problems**

A R Ruuskanen, A Seppänen, E Somersalo, J P Kaipio

**Using Two Dimensional Information to Interpret Three Dimensional Information - Validation Using Tomography**

S L Gay, R Morrison

**A Novel Approach to Pneumatic Conveying Monitoring and Control Strategy Development**

K Grudzien, A Romanowski, R G Aykroyd, R A Williams

**Methods for Analysis of Hopper Flow Behaviour using Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

K Grudzien, A Romanowski, R A Williams, D Sankowski

**In Situ X-ray Micro-Tomography Analysis of Metallic Powder Compact Components**

I Tiseanu, T Craciunescu, G Aldica, J R Groza

**Modelling and Predicting Flow Regimes Using Wavelet Representations of ERT Data**

D A Goodwin, R G Aykroyd, S Barber

**Linear EIT for Sedimentation and Sediment Bed Characterization**

J C Cullivan, M Wang, G Bolton, G Baker, W Clark, R A Williams

**A review of Data Analysis Methods for Electrical Industrial Process Tomography Applications**

A Romanowski, K Grudzien, R A Williams

**Dispersion States of Floating and Sedimenting Particles in a Stirred Vessel using Tomography Measurements**

M Kaminoyama, K Nishi, R Misumi, S Taguchi

### Visualisation and Image Analysis

**Keynote: Measurement of Voidage Distribution in Particle Packed Bed Using X-ray Micro Computed Tomography**

M Suzuki, T Tsuchitani, K Iimura, M Hirota

**Application of Wavelet Image Compression Technique to Particle Image Velocimetry**

A Rinoshika

**Development of Three-Dimensional Shape Measurement Method of the Object in Water**

K Hoshino, K Tamura

**Analysis of Chaotic Behaviour of Gas-Solids Flows in Cyclone Separators using Tomography**

H Wang, S Liu, F Jiang, W Q Yang

**3D Dynamic Visualization for Industrial Process Tomographic Images**

J Xue, Z Zhang, J Tian, X Xiong, H Li

**Application of an Alternating Minimization Algorithm for Image Reconstruction in Computed Tomography**

S Bhusarapu, M H Al-Dahhan, M P Duduković

**Bubble Deformation and Structure of its Surrounding Liquid Motion Measured via PIV-LIF**

Y Miyamoto, T Saito

**ECT Imaging of Thin Liquid Film in Thermosyphons**

S Liu, Q Chen, J Li, X Dong, H Wang, W Q Yang

**The Investigation of Gas Holdup Distribution in a Two-Phase Bubble Column using Ultrasonic Computed Tomography**

M D Supardan, Y Masuda, A Maezawa, S Uchida

**Tomographic Imaging of Countercurrent Bubbly Flow by Wire Mesh Tomography**

N Fuangworawong, W Wangjiraniran, H Kikura, M Aritomi, T Yamauchi

**Experiments of Water Drop Impingement on a Plane Water Surface**

T Okawa, T Mori, I Kataoka

**Application of X-ray Microtomography and Image Processing in Investigation of Compacted Granular System**

X Fu, J A Elliott, A C Bentham, B C Hancock, R E Cameron

**Reconstruction and Watershed Functions Applied to a 3D Image Analysis Segmentation Problem for a Packed Bed of Multiphase Particles**

A R Videla, C L Lin, J D Miller

**Detection and Quantification of Suspended Sediment Concentration and Stratification in Open Channel Flows: Development and First Results using Electrical Resistance Tomography**

H I Schlaberg, J H Baas, M Wang, J L Best, R A Williams, J Peakall

**Development of 3-Dimensional PTV System in Microchannel**

N Ichikawa, P M-Y Chung, R Maeda

**The UVP Measurement of the Modulated Taylor Vortex Flow with a Small Aspect Ratio**

H Kawai, H Kikura, M Aritomi, H Takahashi

**Bulk Solids Flow Analysis in Silos by Electrical Capacitance Tomography**

Z Chaniecki, T Dyakowski, M Niedostatkiewicz, D Sankowski

**Modelling and Measurement of Ionic Characteristics of an Ion Conducting Polymer Actuator**

M Fuchiwaki, K Nagayama, K Tanaka

**Detection of Coherent Structures in an Open-Channel Cavity Flow using Wavelet Transforms**

H Miyamoto

**Study on Friction Drag Reduction of Turbulent Boundary Layer Using Small Vortex Generating Jet**

K Mori, W Fukuzawa, N Miyagi, H Fujita, H Shoji, M Kimura

**Ultrasonic Characteristics of Water-based Magnetic Fluid**

H Osada, H Kikura, M Aritomi, M Takei

**A 3D Inverse Finite Element Technique Applied to Experimental Magnetic Induction Tomography Data**

M Soleimani, W R B Lionheart, A J Peyton, X Ma

**Visualization of Swirling Flow in Transportation Device by 3D-PIV and Modal Wavelet Image Processing**

K Tanaka, M Yoshida, D H Doh, T Uemura, M Takei